Genética del sobrepeso y la obesidad en niños y adolescentes mexicanos

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33064/iycuaa2022863630

Palabras clave:

Sobrepeso, obesidad, genes, polimorfismos genéticos, niños mexicanos, adolescentes mexicanos

Resumen

El sobrepeso y la obesidad afectan a más 340 millones de niños y adolescentes alrededor del mundo, lo que constituye un problema grave de salud pública. La obesidad es una enfermedad multifactorial ocasionada principalmente por mala alimentación y baja actividad física, aunque también existen factores genéticos que desempeñan un papel importante en su desarrollo. El objetivo fue realizar una revisión bibliográfica para identificar genes asociados con sobrepeso y obesidad en niños y adolescentes mexicanos. El 36% de los genes analizados, 8/22, mostraron asociación significativa para sobrepeso/obesidad, dichos genes son: FGF21, FTO, GNPDA2, HP, MC4R, PAI1, PCSK1 y PON1. Entonces, se puede afirmar que la genética tiene un rol importante en la etiología del sobrepeso y la obesidad en niños y adolescentes mexicanos. Sin embargo, se debe recordar que la alimentación hipercalórica y la falta de ejercicio, siguen siendo las causas principales del sobrepeso y la obesidad común alrededor del mundo.

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Biografía del autor/a

Angélica López-García, Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas

Facultad de Medicina e Ingeniería en Sistemas Computacionales de Matamoros

Verónica Judith Picos-Cárdenas, Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa

Laboratorio de Genética, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa; Núcleo Académico Básico de Posgrado de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Nutrición y Gastronomía

Evelia Leal-Ugarte, Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas

Facultad de Medicina e Ingeniería en Sistemas Computacionales de Matamoros

Saúl Armando Beltrán-Ontiveros, Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa

Centro de Investigación y Docencia en Ciencias de la Salud, Hospital Civil de Culiacán

Juan Pablo Meza-Espinoza, Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas

Facultad de Medicina e Ingeniería en Sistemas Computacionales de Matamoros

Citas

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2022-08-31

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