Enfermedades transmitidas por vectores y cambio climático

  • Sergio Andrade Ochoa Instituto Politécnico Nacional
  • Karla Fabiola Chacón Vargas Instituto Politécnico Nacional
  • Blanca Estela Rivera Chavira Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua
  • Luvia Enid Sánchez Torres Instituto Politécnico Nacional
Palabras clave: insectos, cambio climático, distribución geográfica, enfermedades transmitidas por vectores, salud pública, ecología

Resumen

Los cambios socioeconómicos y las intervenciones sanitarias han mejorado la salud de la población mundial en las últimas décadas. Sin embargo, han empezado a presentarse modificaciones en la distribución de ciertas enfermedades debidas, principalmente, a lo que se conoce como cambio climático y que es una consecuencia más del deterioro del medio ambiente. Una de las preocupaciones derivadas de lo anterior es la redistribución o nueva geolocalización de las enfermedades transmitidas por vectores (ETV), ya que los vectores que las transmiten están encontrando nuevos nichos ecológicos en los cuales establecerse y multiplicarse. El objetivo de la presente revisión fue conjuntar la evidencia científica en torno al cambio climático y sus efectos en las ETV.

Biografía del autor/a

Sergio Andrade Ochoa, Instituto Politécnico Nacional
Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional
Unidad Profesional Lázaro Cárdenas. Prolongación de Carpio y Plan de
Ayala s/n, Col. Santo Tomas, C. P. 11340, Delegación Miguel Hidalgo,
México, D. F., México.
Karla Fabiola Chacón Vargas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional
Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional
Unidad Profesional Lázaro Cárdenas. Prolongación de Carpio y Plan de
Ayala s/n, Col. Santo Tomas, C. P. 11340, Delegación Miguel Hidalgo,
México, D. F., México.
Blanca Estela Rivera Chavira, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua
Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua.
Circuito Universitario s/n, Campus Universitario II, C. P. 31170, Chihuahua,
Chihuahua, México
Luvia Enid Sánchez Torres, Instituto Politécnico Nacional
Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional
Unidad Profesional Lázaro Cárdenas. Prolongación de Carpio y Plan de
Ayala s/n, Col. Santo Tomas, C. P. 11340, Delegación Miguel Hidalgo,
México, D. F., México.

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Publicado
2017-11-29
Sección
Revisiones Científicas